Siberian Reindeer Herders facing Climate change: observation and adaptation
Alexandra LAVRILLIER & Semen GABYSHEV
CEARC, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, France
The Power point presentation is about a Siberian reindeer herding indigenous community (the Evenk), the ways they observe climate change - traditionally or together with scientists, as well as their adaptive strategies for the last 10 years. The Evenks have been noticing climate and environmental changes for decades, such as a rise in winter and summer temperatures, high weather variability and unexpected temperature jumps, as well as an increase of summer precipitation, but these changes have been increasing more rapidly over the last 5/10 years. The paper presents some results of the Evenk reindeer herders’ transdisciplinary observatory of climate change (and global changes) in Siberia. This observatory is a part of the project BRISK- BRidging Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge about global change in the Arctic (French National Research Agency funded) (UNESCO-MNHN-LMD-CEARC) and BRISK' OBS - Observatories of BRISK project (Institut Paul Emile Victor funded). This observatory is managed by some Evenk reindeer herders and it links indigenous and scientific observation. The Evenk observatory’s methodologies were designed collectively by the herders, climatologists, anthropologists and ethnobiologists. It was established in winter 2013 by S. Gabyshev, L. Egorova (Evenks) and A. Lavrillier. Since ever, it provides daily observation according to criteria of both Indigenous and Scientific knowledge (from social and environmental sciences). In addition, Gabyshev and Lavrillier (with other herders) develop co-production products of knowledge concerning Indigenous Environmental Knowledge, environmental changes, land uses’ mapping, adaptive practices and socio-economical impacts of climate and global changes. The presented results concern climate change’s signs and events as perceived and faced by the Evenk reindeer herders from 2005, and with more details from 2013 till today. The paper proposes a detailed analyse of the winter’s and summer’s extreme or specific events. In parallel, it presents the results of transdisciplinary analyses of the adaptive strategies the reindeer herders use for coping with climate changes.
LAVRILLIER Alexandra – associated Professor in Social Anthropologist at the CEARC (Cultures, Environments, Arctic, Representations, Climate), University of Versailles - UVSQ, France; 20 years research experience in Siberia; two Siberian native languages’ speaker, nomadic school co-founder with reindeer herders; related current project – BRISK- BRidging Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge about global change in the Arctic (French National Research Agency funded) (UNESCO-MNHN-LMD-CEARC) and BRISK' OBS - Observatories of BRISK project (Institut Paul Emile Victor funded). Co-founder and co-manager of a transdisciplinary observatory of climate and global changes among the Evenk reindeer herders with S. Gabyshev (the second speaker).
GABYSHEV Semen - Evenk reindeer herder from Amur region of Russia and Southern Yakoutia (Siberia) (25 years experience), Siberian Evenk native language speaker, and Associated member of the laboratory CEARC (Cultures, Environments, Arctic, Representations, Climate), University of Versailles UVSQ, France- indigenous co-researcher in the project BRISK