Kghyemba System among Loba Indigenous Peoples of LoManthang: An Indigenous Institution amid the Tradition and Livelihood
Tunga Bhadra RAI (Nepal)
Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities, Nepal
My paper accounts for the discussion on how Kghyemba System, an indigenous institution of village-chiefdom system among Loba Indigenous Peoples of LoManthang Nepal embeds in Loba culture and how that institution ultimately contributes to the actions of adapting traditional livelihood in the face of climate change. It discusses about how Kghyemba System generates meaning in Loba life-ways and to the knowledge attached with the local environment, particularly in water management in high altitude of rain shadow area, Loba rituals and in facing climate change in the recent years. This paper is build upon the conceptual framework about production of meanings through symbols and rituals. The issues are then linked with the concepts of social exclusion explaining the relational status of indigenous Kghyemba System with modern statutory governance system of Nepal, in the context of climate change adaptation and mitigation policies of the country. Qualitative research method gathers the data and the information are analyzed accordingly. This paper is based on the field work conducted in a village situated in the elevation of 3,850 meters above from the sea level, called "Mud City of LoManthang" and "The Last Forbidden Kingdom" of Nepal, in 2011 and 2015. This village has traditional King and a village chiefdom system, which play a vital role in traditional occupation and also keeping society in harmony.
I belong to Rai indigenous community of Nepal. I completed Master’s Degree in Anthropology from Tribhuvan University Nepal. I was engaged in several research works and awarded with Harka Gurung Research Fellowship (2009-2011) by SIRF- Netherlands Development Organization (SNV) Nepal and by some others. Currently, I work with Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN) Climate Change Partnership Program. As my work with NEFIN, we work for the awareness raising and capacity building of indigenous peoples on climate change adaptation and mitigation. Advocacy and lobby for the rights of indigenous peoples in climate change is a part of my work. Besides that, I follow the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiation and also engaged in REDD+ readiness process of Nepal, on behalf of indigenous peoples of the country.